Ideal Diet While Taking GLP-1 Medications

Image of foods appropriate for a healthy diet while taking GLP-1 agonists.

GLP-1 Medications and Weight Loss

Surely, you’ve heard about GLP-1 medications by now. Originally used to treat type 2 diabetes, these medications are now widely used for weight loss, too. They’re probably most easily recognized by the brand names under which they’re marketed, including Ozempic and Wegovy (semaglutide) and Mounjaro and Zepbound (tirzepatide). Wegovy (semaglutide) was approved by the FDA in 2021 for weight loss after initially being approved as a treatment for diabetes. Zepbound (tirzepatide) was approved by the FDA in November 2023 as a weight loss medication. Tirzepatide has been shown to provide even more significant and sustainable weight loss.

While both of these medications and others are a very effective tool for weight management, they’re only one piece of the puzzle needed to successfully lose weight and keep it off.

The Whole Picture

When creating a sustainable weight loss and weight management plan, there are several things to consider. For example, in addition to taking a GLP-1 medication, setting realistic goals is key, as are managing stress, balancing hormones, and treating any mental health concern that might impact weight gain or weight loss. As important as all those pieces are to successful weight loss, diet and exercise play a crucial role in achieving the weight you want to.

The CDC recommends 150 minutes of cardio weekly (or 30 minutes five days a week) and two days of strength training to create a strong, healthy body. Along with exercise, perhaps the most important piece of successful weight loss when taking a GLP-1 medication is diet. Eating the right foods will ensure good health, weight loss, and proper nutrition.

The Best Foods To Eat

Creating an ideal diet to enjoy while you’re taking a GLP-1 weight loss medication isn’t as daunting as you might think. Important items to include are:

  • Foods low on the glycemic index
  • Lots of lean protein
  • Healthy fats
  • Lots and lots of water

The glycemic index measures how carbohydrates metabolize as sugar in the body. Some carbohydrates raise blood sugar significantly (high glycemic index foods) while others rate low on the glycemic index. Low glycemic index foods that should be incorporated into a GLP-1 friendly diet are:

  • Vegetables (broccoli, carrots, zucchini, celery, cauliflower)
  • Fruit (apples, strawberries, blueberries, pears, kiwi)
  • Starchy vegetables (sweet potatoes with orange flesh, squash, root vegetables)
  • Whole grain breads like rye, sourdough, or 100% whole wheat (in moderation)
  • Oatmeal (steel-cut or old-fashioned)
  • Dairy (milk, cheese, yogurt or milk substitutes like coconut or almond milk)

In addition to foods that are low GI foods, other foods to enjoy when you’re taking a GLP-1 agonist are:

  • Fish and seafood
  • Lean meats like chicken and turkey
  • Nuts
  • Healthy oils like avocado or olive oil
  • Herbs and spices

You can enjoy an interesting, robust, varied diet filled with delicious food while losing weight and maximizing the benefits of your weight loss medication.

Nicety Wellness & Weight Loss

Nicety Wellness & Weight Loss is a telehealth provider that offers individualized, supportive care to help you lose weight and regain your health and well-being. Call us at (504) 414-5328 or email to set up your appointment today.

Disclaimer: The information contained here was not written by a medical doctor and is intended for informational purposes only. This is not a substitute for medical advice.

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Nicety Wellness - Catie Collins NP our provider

Marguerite Collins, NP

Marguerite is a Board Certified Family Nurse Practitioner. She has over 15 years of experience in healthcare including, weight loss management, ICU, urgent care, plastic and reconstructive surgery, and aesthetics. Marguerite holds national board certification through AANP.


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